Primary production

Québec’s eight aluminium smelters cumulate an annual production of 2.8 tons of first fusion aluminium with the lowest carbon footprint in the world. Québec’s primary production represents 90% of Canadian production, ranking the country fourth overall behind China, India and Russia.


©Alcoa Canada

Québec’s eight aluminium smelters cumulate an annual production of 2.8 tons of first fusion aluminium with the lowest carbon footprint in the world. Québec’s primary production represents 90% of Canadian production, ranking the country fourth overall behind China, India and Russia.

The international notoriety of Québec’s aluminium industry is based on the presence of primary producers such as Alcoa, Alouette and Rio Tinto. They are located in the following regions: Capitale-Nationale, Centre-du-Québec, Côte-Nord, Montérégie and Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean.

For a majority of common uses, pure primary aluminium has to be alloyed to optimize its characteristics depending on the final intended use. The casting centers found in Québec’s aluminium smelters produces lamination, foundry and recasting ingots, billets, plaques and rods in a myriad of alloys and shapes. This is the first processing of aluminium.

The Aluminium Association of Canada (AAC) is a non-profit organization that represents Canada’s primary aluminium industry. Please consult their website for more information of the primary sector.