Québec is home to 9 smelters with a combined production capacity of 2.9 million metric tons of primary aluminium. This represents 90% of Canada's production, which ranks fourth in the world behind that of China, Russia and the Middle East. Together, Rio Tinto Alcan, Alcoa and Alouette employ +7,000 people in Quebec. These companies comprise the "Primary production" section of AluQuébec.
With facilities located in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Côte-Nord, Centre-du-Québec, Montérégie and Mauricie regions, primary aluminium producers have an economic impact throughout Québec. At the same time, their Montreal headquarters provide them with international visibility and help them maintain close relations with customers/users and industrial OEMs that use aluminium in the manufacture of their products.